In today`s virtual world, when many people work in the cloud and remotely work with colleagues, the concept of what makes a document “legal” has a new meaning, and new technologies have changed the types of signatures (including electronic signatures) acceptable for legal documents. The PMU3: (i) prepares and transmits the Expenditure Estimate (EEO) for the initial advance of matching funds to the MEF; (ii) to include the EEO and the funds deposited into the project account in the register of requests for payment of the main registry funds and sub-project funds; and (iii) to keep expense documentation for the review and audit of the MEF. The clause allows the agreement to be executed in several identical copies, so that the parties can sign the document at different locations. However, it requires that the documents be identical; and the execution of a signature page does not constitute an agreement between the parties. Some clauses provide that an agreement is effective only when a party will hand over its signed agreement to the second party. Because the clause is so short and it is customary to execute multi-party agreements, you can include a counterparty clause in each contract you design if it is not signed in the traditional way, i.e. by all parties in person. As noted above, a signed fax or document scanned and sent by e-mail is often accepted as consideration, unless it is expressly excluded in a contract. But many government agencies like a district writer, for example, do not accept faxes and need an original signed document. From a technical point of view, the execution of several copies of the same agreement is a duplicate, not a consideration. This is why some lawyers refer to duplicates when discussing a co-part clause. Counter-parties are generally used when contract signatories are in different locations and contracts should include clauses allowing the use of intercom points.
This clause generally states that each correspondence, signed, “must be considered original” and that all the considerations combined are a document. Contract law may change over time, as seen, given the absence of a counter-clause clause. Although it has had its use in the past, most agreements no longer need it. Although the counterparts clause is no longer really necessary, many jurisdictions still contain it. In Europe, the clause is considered superfluous. The counterparty clause states that the parties are not obliged to sign the same copy of an agreement and that all copies may be treated as original for evidence. Some clauses provide that the agreement is effective only when one of the parties complies with the agreement it has signed. A signed original copy of any legal document is always an acceptable consideration. In some cases, the signature may be signed in the presence of a notary or verified by an identifier. The Uniform Electronic Transaction Act (UETA) is the equivalent of the E-Sign Act.
In 47 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, UETA enforces the Electronic Signatures and Transactions Act under national law. A (relatively) new issue in contract law is when an electronic signature functions as an ordinary paper letter signature to attach it to an agreement. Examples of electronic signatures are the entry of your own name at the end of an email, the click of a “I agree” button, or the entry of your name or code, password or PIN in a field in an electronic form. Electronic signatures must be taken into account with respect to a counterparty clause, since these signatures are generally used for agreements signed by parties who are not in the same place and who each sign electronic “copies” of the same agreement.